Machine shops prioritize different challenges daily, but some challenges are more critical than others. Precise Products Corporation (Minneapolis) was faced with a challenge when one of its original customers asked the company to reduce the cost of a family of parts or risk losing the job.
In 2007, Rosemount Aerospace, looking for cost reductions, presented Precise Products with this challenge. The parts were six tubular shells that mount on many aircraft. Made from nickel 200, each part is a different length, with slightly different angular cuts, hole sizes and patterns. Some have multiple venting cross holes, all of 0.031-inch diameter, while others have only one. Slots on the end also vary, with some wider and some longer. Typical runs produce between 300 and 1,000 pieces.
Precise Products has been machining parts since its founding in 1956, retaining several original customers throughout its history, including Rosemount Aerospace and several divisions of Rockwell Collins. Today, almost 100 percent of its work is for multiple aerospace manufacturers, mostly flat milling of various aluminum alloys, with some multi-axis turning and milling of various materials.
Brent Schmidt reviews a SolidWorks print of nickel 200 tube for Rosemount Aerospace, while the monitor on the left displays GibbsCAM MTM’s Cut Part Rendering verifying tool path for the Citizen C32 as it machines the end of the same part.
Owned through an Employee Stock Ownership Plan (ESOP), with almost 100 employees, Precise Products houses 43 NC/CNC machines on a DNC network, 30 conventional turning and milling machines and dozens of supporting machines within a 36,000-square-foot facility. It maintains ISO 9001:2000 and the more exclusive AS 9100:2001 certification, recently receiving the 2008 Rockwell Collins Machined Metal Supplier of the Year award for quality, delivery and cost.
According to Brent Schmidt, a Precise employee since 1977, and manufacturing engineer since 1998, “Precise had been making the parts about 20 years, in two or three turning operations and two milling operations, depending on the configuration of part features. Now, our goal is to improve our production and make the part in one operation, allowing us to drop the part off complete.”
The company’s equipment supplier demonstrated what could be done on a Swiss lathe to help make the challenging parts, and the shop purchased the six-axis Citizen-Cincom C32 2M8, equipped with the 12-foot CAV32-IS bar feeder, Cool Blaster Mist Control 850 and Cool Blaster CB510, which provides pressurized coolant at 2,000 psi. The Citizen can handle as much as 1.25-inch turning diameter and 12.5-foot stock length and has dual C-axis spindles, plus live tooling and a Y axis. With its multi-axis simultaneous motion and tool capacity, the machine can mill, turn and double drill complex parts. As a Swiss lathe, it machines close to the guide bushing at all times, which enables turning long parts of small diameters, without chatter, leaving a superior surface finish on the most challenging parts.
These parts were programmed with GibbsCAM and machined on the Citizen Swiss-type turning center. At the top are parts used in aerospace applications for which Precise Products purchased the C32 in order to create. The part directly underneath the top two parts is one of many that earned the shop the 2008 Rockwell Collins Machined Metal Supplier of the Year award.
While investigating machines, Precise also looked at multitask machining (MTM) software from different vendors and found that adding the GibbsCAM MTM module was the best choice. It was more economical; it had the required capabilities; it integrated milling, turning and utility operations; and it used the same menus, icons and dialog boxes already familiar to programmers. “Until then, we didn’t need MTM software,” Mr. Schmidt explains. “The standard mill/turn capabilities of GibbsCAM easily programmed all our turning, including live tooling and C axis on our Haas SL-20 and our Hitachi Seiki HiCell 23, which also has a Y axis. We’ve had that mill/turn capability since we acquired the software in 1998.”
Mr. Schmidt says GibbsCAM MTM has the Swiss functionality to execute and verify all codes and machine modes easily and accurately. The software’s Sync Control is one feature he likes because it automatically alerts the programmer when there is a conflict, such as attempting turning and milling motions simultaneously. “If I enter a machine mode that doesn’t belong, a dialog box pops up and tells me that sync codes for conflicting moves are not allowed,” he explains. “It’s a great safety feature.”
Mr. Schmidt adds that, unlike the five-axis mill programmers at Precise, he doesn’t use GibbsCAM machine simulation because he has “not made the time to build the machine model for Machine Sim.” He does visual verification with Cut Part Rendering (Flash CPR), a standard feature he finds valuable. “What goes to the machine must be what I see on the screen,” he says. “I watch which tools are cutting where and when, and ensure there are no crashes. Everything goes through CPR. If there’s a gouge or collision—a red mark on the screen—it’s going to be on the part, so I rely on CPR a lot.”
GibbsCAM MTM software and a Citizen Swiss lathe improved productivity on this tube for Rockwell Collins, made from 0.375-diameter 300 stainless steel, and finished at 11.5 inches long and 0.125-inch diameter. GibbsCAM Cut Part Rendering shows completed operations on the main spindle, while an end mill machines a hex on the other end of the previous part before decreasing the diameter.
He also uses the Analyze Cut Part feature, which compares finished machining with the part model, showing discrepancies such as unmachined features or machined material that should not have been removed.
GibbsCAM Operations Summary also improves productivity for Precise, computing and displaying actual cycle times. “It does not account for non-cutting motion,” Mr. Schmidt says. “But it doesn’t matter because, with the Citizen, there’s no indexing. We just move from tool to tool, and it’s pretty fast,” he explains. “The Operations Summary is really accurate. I use it after Cut Part Rendering to ensure that my cycle times are within budget, and we use it for estimating jobs.”
The features of the Citizen Swiss lathe and GibbsCAM MTM enabled the shop to keep the job and almost triple its goal. “By meeting our production goal, we reduced the cost of each part by more than 20 percent,” Mr. Schmidt says. “On a run of 300 to 1,000 parts, that translates to a lot of money.”
Although the machine and software were purchased to save that contract, they’ve proven themselves with additional parts. One is a cylindrical, 300 stainless steel part about 3.5-inches long, milled to a square in the middle, and threaded on both ends, where machine modes were instrumental. “With GibbsCAM MTM you have the Utility Box, with machine modes, to control all non-cutting motion, such as subspindle in, subspindle return, move tool group, execute part transfers, or use subspindle as steady rest to support stock as you turn it,” Mr. Schmidt elaborates. “You select the utility operation you want, and it puts the proper code into all three flows, or tool-group subprograms, automatically.”
Manufacturing engineer and GibbsCAM programmer Brent Schmidt, left, discusses long, narrow Rockwell Collins part with Citizen-Cincom C32 machinist Joel Boulton, who was hired specifically for his expertise with the Swiss turn machine.
The Swiss machine and GibbsCAM MTM also made a huge difference on another part, about 4 inches long, also made of 300 stainless. It had been made by drilling through from one side, flipping it to drill from the other, and then reaming all the way through. In a production run, it took 4 minutes to make each part in three operations, using peck drilling. “With MTM programming, the Citizen was dropping a finished part a minute,” Mr. Schmidt says. “Because of the highpressure coolant, we drilled straight through, with no peck drilling. It was incredible. We dropped the cost 20 percent, which made our customer very happy.
“With GibbsCAM MTM driving our Swiss, we’ve exceeded expectations on cost and cycle-time reduction, and we make parts we couldn’t make before,” Mr. Schmidt says. “One part was enabled by the ability to pick off parts without chatter. We made pins of 0.040-inch diameter, about 0.300-inch long, from 0.125- inch round brass, which we would not have been able to make without a Swiss. But we had pins coming off like popcorn at almost 300 an hour.”
He says they have many more examples of productivity gains from using the software with Hitachi Seiki mill-turn machines. However, “it was programming the Swiss lathe with GibbsCAM MTM that really reduced costs and increased productivity,” he adds.